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 International Journal of Medical Reviews and Case Reports

International Journal of Medical Reviews and Case Reports
ISSN (online) : 2534-9821
ISSUES : 4/year
PUBLISHER : Bulgarian Association of Young Surgeons

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Case Report 


Tuberculous meningoencephalitis in a patient with human immunodeficiency virus infection

Marta Valentim, Yahia Abuowda, Josť Ramalho, Cristina Santos.

Abstract
Background: Tuberculous meningoencephalitis is an infrequent disease. The diagnosis given the poor specificity of complementary tests is very difficult, as well as the treatment in patients infected with the human immunodeficiency virus doing antiretrovirals.
Case Summary: We present the case of a 33-year-old man with history of intravenous drug user, hepatitis B and HIV coinfection, lymph node tuberculosis and meningitis due to Cryptococcus Neoformans; was admitted to the Emergency Department due to altered state of consciousness and neurological focality, with a week of evolution. In the diagnostic process, several etiological hypotheses were discarded and several lines of empirical treatment were instituted, until some evidence was obtained. Multiple imaging tests were performed and the progression of the CT scan was the one that ended up confirming the diagnosis.
Conclusion: Despite the great advances in medicine, Tuberculosis seems to be the heel of Achilles, where, having the certainty of the diagnosis remains, as in the case presented, tremendously difficult. We have laboratory, microbiological, imaging and even biopsy exams, and sometimes it is not enough to achieve the diagnosis with evidence. In the case presented, the only evidence was obtained due to the evolution of the lesions, which should never be a limiting factor for the initiation of treatment, due to the serious consequences that the non-implementation of treatment may have.

Key words: Central Nervous System Infections; Meningoencephalitis; Tuberculosis; HIV


 
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How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Valentim M, Abuowda Y, Ramalho J, Santos C. Tuberculous meningoencephalitis in a patient with human immunodeficiency virus infection. Int J Med Rev Case Rep. 2018; 2(1): 7-11. doi:10.5455/IJMRCR.Tuberculous-meningoencephalitis


Web Style

Valentim M, Abuowda Y, Ramalho J, Santos C. Tuberculous meningoencephalitis in a patient with human immunodeficiency virus infection. http://mdpub.eu//?mno=287009 [Access: May 27, 2018]. doi:10.5455/IJMRCR.Tuberculous-meningoencephalitis


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Valentim M, Abuowda Y, Ramalho J, Santos C. Tuberculous meningoencephalitis in a patient with human immunodeficiency virus infection. Int J Med Rev Case Rep. 2018; 2(1): 7-11. doi:10.5455/IJMRCR.Tuberculous-meningoencephalitis



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Valentim M, Abuowda Y, Ramalho J, Santos C. Tuberculous meningoencephalitis in a patient with human immunodeficiency virus infection. Int J Med Rev Case Rep. (2018), [cited May 27, 2018]; 2(1): 7-11. doi:10.5455/IJMRCR.Tuberculous-meningoencephalitis



Harvard Style

Valentim, M., Abuowda, Y., Ramalho, J. & Santos, C. (2018) Tuberculous meningoencephalitis in a patient with human immunodeficiency virus infection. Int J Med Rev Case Rep, 2 (1), 7-11. doi:10.5455/IJMRCR.Tuberculous-meningoencephalitis



Turabian Style

Valentim, Marta, Yahia Abuowda, Josť Ramalho, and Cristina Santos. 2018. Tuberculous meningoencephalitis in a patient with human immunodeficiency virus infection. International Journal of Medical Reviews and Case Reports, 2 (1), 7-11. doi:10.5455/IJMRCR.Tuberculous-meningoencephalitis



Chicago Style

Valentim, Marta, Yahia Abuowda, Josť Ramalho, and Cristina Santos. "Tuberculous meningoencephalitis in a patient with human immunodeficiency virus infection." International Journal of Medical Reviews and Case Reports 2 (2018), 7-11. doi:10.5455/IJMRCR.Tuberculous-meningoencephalitis



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Valentim, Marta, Yahia Abuowda, Josť Ramalho, and Cristina Santos. "Tuberculous meningoencephalitis in a patient with human immunodeficiency virus infection." International Journal of Medical Reviews and Case Reports 2.1 (2018), 7-11. Print. doi:10.5455/IJMRCR.Tuberculous-meningoencephalitis



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Valentim, M., Abuowda, Y., Ramalho, J. & Santos, C. (2018) Tuberculous meningoencephalitis in a patient with human immunodeficiency virus infection. International Journal of Medical Reviews and Case Reports, 2 (1), 7-11. doi:10.5455/IJMRCR.Tuberculous-meningoencephalitis



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